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艾滋病的无限战争与中国故事

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年07月21日 04:46:48
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U米娱乐直属平台直招龙虎代理客服QQ【3512✡280158】诚招代理【在线开户网址um996.com】龙虎和龙虎1赔2.211合1赔9.95,定位胆1赔9.95腾讯分分彩,5分,10分彩,最高返水100反9快,最高赔率,正规信誉大平台平台24h提供注册及登录。艾滋病的无限战争与中国故事

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(罗)(伯)(特)(·盖)(洛)((RobertGallo)
2003年)(,HIV发)(现)(20周)(年)(,争)(论)(已)(经)(平)(息)(,二)(人)(分)(别)(在)(Science等)(杂)(志)(上)(发)(表)(了)(一)(系)(列)(表)(态)(性)(文)(章)(,认)(为)(法)(国)(科)(学)(家)(首)(先)(分)(离)(出)(HIV,而)(美)(国)(科)(学)(家)(则)(为)(此)(项)(发)(现)(提)(供)(了)(科)(学)(基)(础)((IL-2及)(T细)(胞)(体)(外)(培)(养)(技)(术)()并)(证)(明)(了)(HIV就)(是)(艾)(滋)(病)(病)(原)(。
这)(也)(就)(为)(后)(面)(诺)(贝)(尔)(医)(学)(奖)(的)(争)(议)(埋)(下)(了)(伏)(笔)(,根)(据)(诺)(奖)(的)(评)(定)(原)(则)(,奖)(金)(只)(颁)(发)(给)(“某)(一)(项)(发)(现)((adiscovery)”而)(“从)(来)(就)(不)(考)(虑)(获)(奖)(人)(的)(一)(生)(的)(研)(究)(成)(绩)((lifetimeachievement),诺)(贝)(尔)(医)(学)(奖)(评)(委)(在)(当)(年)(的)(新)(闻)(发)(布)(会)(上)(的)(说)(法)(是)(:“在)(决)(定)(获)(奖)(人)(时)(考)(虑)(的)(是)(第)(一)(个)(发)(现)(病)(毒)(的)(人)(”,而)(“在)(确)(定)(是)(谁)(做)(出)(了)(值)(得)(获)(奖)(的)(发)(现)(时)(,我)(想)(我)(们)(是)(专)(家)(,而)(不)(是)(律)(师)(”。
HIV的)(发)(现)(为)(检)(查)(艾)(滋)(病)(人)(,筛)(除)(HIV污)(染)(的)(血)(制)(品)(,以)(及)(艾)(滋)(疫)(苗)(的)(研)(制)(奠)(定)(了)(基)(础)(,为)(防)(止)(艾)(滋)(病)(的)(大)(规)(模)(传)(播)(起)(到)(了)(关)(键)(性)(的)(作)(用)(,然)(而)(,治)(疗)(方)(法)(至)(今)(仍)(未)(有)(大)(突)(破)(,艾)(滋)(病)(只)(能)(药)(物)(控)(制)(成)(慢)(性)(病)(,无)(法)(治)(愈)(,不)(可)(逆)(且)(隐)(秘)(的)(传)(染)(路)(径)(使)(其)(成)(为)(了)(全)(人)(类)(健)(康)(的)(巨)(大)(威)(胁)(,艾)(滋)(病)(发)(展)(成)(全)(球)(性)(疫)(情)(,到)(1996年)(,全)(世)(界)(因)(艾)(滋)(病)(而)(死)(亡)(的)(人)(数)(已)(经)(达)(到)(640万)(,成)(为)(“20世)(纪)(超)(级)(瘟)(疫)(”。
时)(至)(今)(日)(,艾)(滋)(病)(毒)(仍)(然)(是)(一)(个)(重)(大)(的)(全)(球)(公)(共)(卫)(生)(问)(题)(。根)(据)(AVERT(专)(门)(介)(绍)(HIV转)(移)(传)(播)(的)(网)(站)()数)(据)(,2017年)(,全)(球)(估)(计)(有)(3690万)(人)(感)(染)(艾)(滋)(病)(毒)((包)(括)(180万)(儿)(童)(),全)(球)(成)(人)(艾)(滋)(病)(毒)(感)(染)(率)(为)(0.8%。
为)(提)(升)(全)(球)(对)(艾)(滋)(病)(防)(治)(的)(意)(识)(,世)(界)(卫)(生)(组)(织)((WHO)自)(1988年)(起)(,将)(每)(年)(12月)(1日)(订)(定)(为)(世)(界)(艾)(滋)(日)(,联)(合)(国)(艾)(滋)(病)(规)(划)(署)((UNAIDS)代)(表)(在)(《国)(际)(艾)(滋)(病)(大)(会)(2014》提)(出)(2020年)(实)(现)(“三)(个)(90%”的)(目)(标)(,即)(90%艾)(滋)(病)(毒)(感)(染)(者)(自)(身)(知)(情)(,90%确)(诊)(艾)(滋)(病)(毒)(感)(染)(者)(获)(得)(抗)(逆)(转)(录)(病)(毒)(治)(疗)(及)(90%接)(受)(治)(疗)(者)(体)(内)(病)(毒)(受)(到)(抑)(制)(。然)(而)(,到)(2017年)(,距)(离)(目)(标)(依)(然)(有)(一)(定)(的)(距)(离)(...
从)(感)(染)(艾)(滋)(病)(毒)(到)(诊)(断)(为)(艾)(滋)(病)(的)(时)(间)(是)(10至)(15年)(,有)(时)(会)(更)(长)(一)(些)(。在)(病)(症)(显)(现)(前)(患)(者)(可)(以)(没)(有)(任)(何)(症)(状)(地)(生)(活)(和)(工)(作)(多)(年)(,在)(全)(球)(化)(日)(趋)(紧)(密)(的)(当)(下)(,这)(也)(就)(是)(疫)(情)(防)(治)(的)(难)(点)(,在)(有)(可)(及)(性)(高)(的)(治)(愈)(手)(段)(出)(现)(之)(前)(,它)(将)(持)(续)(是)(全)(人)(类)(共)(同)(的)(敌)(人)(。
大)(敌)(当)(前)(,没)(有)(人)(能)(独)(善)(其)(身)(。
2
中)(国)(经)(验)(
作)(为)(一)(种)(不)(可)(治)(愈)(且)(传)(播)(路)(径)(隐)(秘)(指)(数)(级)(扩)(散)(的)(传)(染)(病)(,只)(要)(是)(融)(入)(世)(界)(,则)(必)(然)(不)(可)(避)(免)(地)(被)(传)(染)(,在)(艾)(滋)(病)(被)(科)(学)(业)(界)(发)(现)(不)(久)(,也)(经)(由)(患)(者)(传)(入)(中)(国)(。
(一)()艾)(滋)(病)(传)(入)(期)(与)(“关)(国)(门)(堵)(艾)(滋)(”期)((1985-1988)
实)(际)(上)(,早)(在)(1985年)(国)(内)(第)(一)(例)(艾)(滋)(病)(出)(现)(之)(前)(,卫)(生)(部)(就)(注)(意)(到)(了)(国)(外)(的)(艾)(滋)(病)(问)(题)(。1982年)(,卫)(生)(部)(等)(部)(门)(下)(发)(了)(《关)(于)(限)(制)(进)(口)(血)(液)(制)(品)(,防)(止)(AIDS病)(传)(入)(我)(国)(的)(联)(合)(通)(知)(》。1984年)(起)(政)(府)(就)(决)(定)(限)(制)(进)(口)(血)(液)(制)(品)(,以)(防)(止)(艾)(滋)(病)(传)(入)(中)(国)(。
1985年)(,我)(国)(发)(现)(的)(第)(一)(例)(艾)(滋)(病)(病)(例)(,是)(一)(位)(来)(中)(国)(旅)(游)(的)(外)(籍)(人)(士)(。
(三)()快)(速)(增)(长)(期)(和)(“隔)(离)(与)(疏)(导)(并)(存)(”尝)(试)(期)((1995-2004)
1995年)(,艾)(滋)(病)(疫)(情)(出)(现)(惊)(人)(增)(长)(,年)(度)(报)(告)(病)(例)(剧)(增)(为)(1567例)(,是)(1994年)(度)(531例)(的)(近)(三)(倍)(。
其)(主)(要)(原)(因)(在)(于)(,1995年)(前)(后)(,在)(以)(河)(南)(为)(代)(表)(的)(一)(些)(省)(份)(,非)(法)(和)(不)(规)(范)(采)(供)(血)(行)(为)(造)(成)(了)(艾)(滋)(病)(毒)(的)(大)(规)(模)(传)(播)(。仅)(1995年)(,共)(有)(23个)(省)(、自)(治)(区)(、直)(辖)(市)(报)(告)(发)(现)(感)(染)(艾)(滋)(病)(毒)(的)(有)(偿)(献)(血)(者)(,占)(全)(年)(全)(部)(报)(告)(数)(的)(44.5%。
关)(国)(门)(以)(及)(围)(追)(堵)(截)(举)(措)(并)(没)(有)(堵)(住)(这)(个)(新)(途)(径)(。被)(艾)(滋)(病)(毒)(感)(染)(的)(血)(液)(通)(过)(献)(血)(进)(入)(血)(库)(导)(致)(艾)(滋)(病)(疫)(情)(大)(转)(折)(,病)(毒)(从)(高)(危)(人)(群)(进)(入)(一)(般)(人)(群)(。
1996年)(,全)(年)(艾)(滋)(病)(报)(告)(病)(例)(为)(2649例)(;
1997-1998年)(,年)(度)(报)(告)(病)(例)(为)(3000多)(例)(;
1999-2000年)(,年)(度)(数)(字)(为)(5000例)(左)(右)(;
2001-2002年)(,年)(度)(数)(字)(分)(别)(为)(8219例)(与)(9732例)(;
2003年)(,艾)(滋)(病)(报)(告)(病)(例)(爆)(发)(式)(增)(长)(到)(21691例)(;
2004年)(,则)(翻)(倍)(增)(长)(为)(47606例)(。
1996年)(,全)(年)(艾)(滋)(病)(报)(告)(病)(例)(为)(2649例)(;
1997-1998年)(,年)(度)(报)(告)(病)(例)(为)(3000多)(例)(;
1999-2000年)(,年)(度)(数)(字)(为)(5000例)(左)(右)(;
2001-2002年)(,年)(度)(数)(字)(分)(别)(为)(8219例)(与)(9732例)(;
2003年)(,艾)(滋)(病)(报)(告)(病)(例)(爆)(发)(式)(增)(长)(到)(21691例)(;
2004年)(,则)(翻)(倍)(增)(长)(为)(47606例)(。
“血)(祸)(”造)(成)(的)(艾)(滋)(蔓)(延)(使)(得)(加)(强)(血)(液)(安)(全)(管)(理)(成)(为)(一)(项)(紧)(迫)(任)(务)(。1997年)(,我)(国)(《中)(华)(人)(民)(共)(和)(国)(献)(血)(法)(》颁)(布)(实)(施)(,禁)(止)(有)(偿)(献)(血)(,并)(出)(台)(了)(一)(系)(列)(的)(政)(策)(对)(血)(制)(品)(行)(业)(进)(行)(规)(范)(,但)(是)(问)(题)(依)(然)(没)(有)(办)(法)(杜)(绝)(,血)(制)(品)(行)(业)(风)(波)(不)(断)(,也)(许)(资)(本)(市)(场)(印)(象)(最)(深)(的)(就)(是)(华)(兰)(生)(物)((002007.SZ)2010年)(的)(贵)(州)(事)(件)(...
(四)()稳)(定)(增)(长)(期)(与)(“艾)(滋)(科)(学)(防)(治)(”期)((2005-至)(今)()
2005年)(开)(始)(,我)(国)(的)(艾)(滋)(病)(疫)(情)(基)(本)(呈)(现)(平)(稳)(增)(长)(的)(态)(势)(。
从)(2007年)(开)(始)(,性)(传)(播)(成)(为)(艾)(滋)(病)(传)(播)(的)(首)(要)(途)(径)(。艾)(滋)(病)(的)(病)(发)(数)(依)(然)(在)(增)(长)(,2014年)(度)(新)(发)(艾)(滋)(病)(报)(告)(病)(例)(首)(次)(突)(破)(10万)(人)(,达)(到)(10.4万)(例)(。其)(中)(
80%以)(上)(通)(过)(性)(行)(为)(感)(染)(;
吸)(毒)(人)(群)(感)(染)(率)(呈)(下)(降)(趋)(势)(,从)(2005年)(的)(7.5%下)(降)(到)(今)(年)(平)(均)(3.3%;
男)(男)(同)(性)(恋)(呈)(上)(升)(趋)(势)(,从)(2005年)(的)(1.4%上)(升)(到)(2014年)(的)(7.7%;
中)(、老)(年)(人)(、青)(年)(学)(生)(等)(重)(点)(人)(群)(疫)(情)(明)(显)(上)(升)(。
80%以)(上)(通)(过)(性)(行)(为)(感)(染)(;
吸)(毒)(人)(群)(感)(染)(率)(呈)(下)(降)(趋)(势)(,从)(2005年)(的)(7.5%下)(降)(到)(今)(年)(平)(均)(3.3%;
男)(男)(同)(性)(恋)(呈)(上)(升)(趋)(势)(,从)(2005年)(的)(1.4%上)(升)(到)(2014年)(的)(7.7%;
中)(、老)(年)(人)(、青)(年)(学)(生)(等)(重)(点)(人)(群)(疫)(情)(明)(显)(上)(升)(。
我)(国)(艾)(滋)(病)(疫)(情)(在)(地)(域)(上)(呈)(现)(西)(南)(重)(点)(省)(份)(感)(染)(比)(较)(多)(,云)(南)(、广)(西)(、四)(川)(三)(个)(省)(的)(感)(染)(者)(占)(全)(国)(的)(45%。
2006年)(,国)(务)(院)(颁)(布)(的)(《艾)(滋)(病)(防)(治)(条)(例)(》,将)(免)(费)(抗)(病)(毒)(治)(疗)(政)(策)(纳)(入)(了)(法)(制)(化)(轨)(道)(,明)(确)(了)(“预)(防)(为)(主)(、防)(治)(结)(合)(”的)(工)(作)(方)(针)(,强)(调)(了)(各)(级)(政)(府)(的)(责)(任)(。这)(一)(阶)(段)(的)(防)(治)(政)(策)(,就)(是)(按)(照)(法)(规)(要)(求)(,以)(防)(治)(效)(果)(衡)(量)(防)(治)(工)(作)(,将)(国)(内)(外)(研)(究)(或)(实)(践)(中)(有)(效)(的)(措)(施)(不)(断)(推)(广)(和)(落)(实)(,防)(治)(形)(式)(趋)(于)(多)(样)(化)(,不)(再)(局)(限)(于)(社)(会)(意)(识)(形)(态)(;总)(体)(上)(看)(,政)(策)(体)(现)(了)(“政)(府)(组)(织)(领)(导)(、部)(门)(各)(负)(其)(责)(、全)(社)(会)(共)(同)(参)(与)(”的)(机)(制)(。
2010年)(4月)(,国)(务)(院)(通)(过)(了)(《国)(务)(院)(关)(于)(修)(改)(〈国)(境)(卫)(生)(检)(疫)(法)(实)(施)(细)(则)(〉的)(决)(定)(》和)(《国)(务)(院)(关)(于)(修)(改)(〈外)(国)(人)(入)(境)(出)(境)(管)(理)(法)(实)(施)(细)(则)(〉的)(决)(定)(》,取)(消)(了)(对)(外)(籍)(HIV感)(染)(者)(/病)(人)(的)(入)(境)(限)(制)(。2010年)(12月)(,国)(务)(院)(《关)(于)(进)(一)(步)(加)(强)(艾)(滋)(病)(防)(治)(工)(作)(的)(通)(知)(》指)(出)(,由)(于)(性)(传)(播)(艾)(滋)(病)(方)(式)(隐)(蔽)(,要)(充)(分)(认)(识)(防)(治)(工)(作)(的)(长)(期)(性)(和)(艰)(巨)(性)(,要)(扩)(大)(防)(治)(工)(作)(覆)(盖)(面)(。
通)(过)(勾)(股)(数)(据)(对)(国)(家)(卫)(生)(健)(康)(委)(员)(会)(《全)(国)(法)(定)(传)(染)(病)(疫)(情)(概)(况)(》月)(度)(披)(露)(统)(计)(数)(据)(来)(看)(,前)(文)(几)(个)(重)(大)(政)(策)(的)(推)(出)(,对)(于)(统)(计)(数)(据)(的)(影)(响)(非)(常)(显)(著)(,扣)(除)(1、2月)(份)(春)(节)(的)(因)(素)(的)(影)(响)(,最)(近)(几)(年)(已)(经)(平)(稳)(增)(长)(,但)(整)(体)(中)(枢)(依)(然)(呈)(现)(上)(行)(趋)(势)(。
在)(初)(期)(,艾)(滋)(病)(的)(治)(疗)(依)(然)(步)(路)(蹒)(跚)(,转)(折)(点)(出)(现)(在)(1996年)(。
1996年)(,美)(籍)(华)(人)(科)(学)(家)(何)(大)(一)(团)(队)(,率)(先)(揭)(开)(了)(这)(些)(药)(物)(失)(效)(的)(原)(因)(:HIV病)(毒)(在)(人)(体)(内)(繁)(殖)(扩)(张)(领)(地)(时)(总)(是)(改)(头)(换)(面)(,结)(构)(和)(功)(能)(不)(断)(发)(生)(变)(化)(,而)(所)(有)(药)(物)(都)(是)(针)(对)(其)(变)(异)(前)(的)(特)(性)(,对)(新)(病)(毒)(无)(法)(产)(生)(作)(用)(。
基)(于)(这)(种)(理)(解)(,其)(团)(队)(着)(手)(研)(究)(联)(合)(抗)(病)(毒)(疗)(法)(,提)(出)(鸡)(尾)(酒)(疗)(法)((drugcocktails),即)(“高)(效)(抗)(逆)(转)(录)(病)(毒)(治)(疗)(”,指)(通)(过)(把)(三)(种)(或)(三)(种)(以)(上)(的)(抗)(病)(毒)(药)(物)(联)(合)(使)(用)(来)(治)(疗)(艾)(滋)(病)(,每)(一)(种)(药)(物)(具)(有)(不)(同)(的)(作)(用)(机)(理)(或)(针)(对)(艾)(滋)(病)(毒)(繁)(殖)(周)(期)(中)(的)(不)(同)(环)(节)(,从)(而)(避)(免)(单)(一)(用)(药)(产)(生)(的)(抗)(药)(性)(,最)(大)(限)(度)(地)(抑)(制)(病)(毒)(的)(复)(制)(,延)(缓)(病)(程)(进)(展)(。
鸡)(尾)(酒)(疗)(法)(使)(得)(患)(者)(潜)(伏)(期)(大)(幅)(度)(拉)(长)(,患)(者)(若)(坚)(持)(服)(药)(,甚)(至)(可)(以)(与)(正)(常)(人)(无)(异)(,使)(得)(艾)(滋)(病)(演)(变)(为)(一)(种)(终)(生)(服)(药)(的)(慢)(性)(病)(。
1996年)(,美)(国)(《时)(代)(》周)(刊)(将)(华)(人)(何)(大)(一)(评)(选)(为)(年)(度)(风)(云)(人)(物)(,这)(是)(该)(周)(刊)(自)(1967年)(后)(的)(30年)(里)(,首)(次)(给)(予)(医)(学)(科)(学)(家)(的)(殊)(荣)(。何)(大)(一)(也)(成)(了)(继)(邓)(小)(平)(之)(后)(,第)(二)(位)(获)(得)(年)(度)(风)(云)(人)(物)(的)(华)(人)(,当)(年)(《时)(代)(》周)(刊)(给)(予)(其)(的)(评)(价)(是)(:
“有)(人)(制)(造)(新)(闻)(,有)(人)(创)(造)(历)(史)(,而)(当)(后)(世)(撰)(写)(这)(个)(时)(代)(的)(历)(史)(时)(,会)(把)(人)(类)(在)(对)(抗)(艾)(滋)(病)(之)(战)(中)(扭)(转)(乾)(坤)(的)(人)(,视)(作)(真)(正)(的)(英)(雄)(”。
1、长)(效)(化)(抗)(艾)(药)(
艾)(滋)(病)(治)(疗)(需)(要)(患)(者)(终)(身)(服)(药)(,患)(者)(依)(从)(性)(对)(于)(治)(疗)(效)(果)(尤)(为)(重)(要)(。
CraigI.Coleman在)(研)(究)(患)(者)(药)(物)(依)(从)(性)(时)(发)(现)(,能)(严)(格)(遵)(从)(医)(嘱)(用)(药)(的)(大)(概)(只)(有)(57.1%-76.3%的)(患)(者)(,且)(用)(药)(频)(率)(越)(高)(、依)(从)(性)(越)(差)(。目)(前)(抗)(艾)(药)(的)(使)(用)(基)(本)(上)(都)(是)(需)(要)(每)(天)(服)(药)(,总)(的)(来)(看)(频)(率)(还)(是)(比)(较)(高)(。部)(分)(企)(业)(从)(长)(效)(型)(制)(剂)(上)(寻)(求)(突)(破)(口)(,显)(着)(降)(低)(用)(药)(频)(率)(,大)(大)(提)(升)(患)(者)(用)(药)(依)(从)(性)(。长)(效)(化)(是)(目)(前)(艾)(滋)(病)(治)(疗)(研)(发)(中)(比)(较)(明)(确)(的)(方)(向)(。
2、艾)(滋)(病)(预)(防)(疫)(苗)(
既)(然)(是)(传)(染)(病)(,研)(究)(人)(员)(当)(然)(会)(把)(视)(线)(投)(向)(艾)(滋)(病)(预)(防)(疫)(苗)(,力)(图)(从)(源)(头)(上)(减)(少)(感)(染)(,使)(得)(HIV病)(毒)(能)(像)(天)(花)(病)(毒)(一)(样)(逐)(渐)(消)(亡)(。从)(上)(个)(世)(纪)(开)(始)(就)(有)(大)(量)(企)(业)(布)(局)(HIV疫)(苗)(领)(域)(,但)(是)(大)(多)(都)(以)(失)(败)(告)(终)(。目)(前)(,全)(球)(在)(研)(HIV预)(防)(性)(疫)(苗)(普)(遍)(处)(于)(临)(床)(Ⅰ期)(和)(临)(床)(Ⅱ期)(,其)(中)(强)(生)(在)(2017年)(7月)(公)(布)(的)(appROACH1/2a期)(临)(床)(试)(验)(结)(果)(显)(示)(,受)(试)(者)(对)(HIV疫)(苗)(的)(耐)(受)(性)(良)(好)(,这)(一)(结)(果)(再)(次)(点)(燃)(了)(市)(场)(对)(于)(HIV预)(防)(性)(疫)(苗)(的)(希)(望)(,但)(后)(续)(仍)(需)(更)(多)(临)(床)(试)(验)(来)(验)(证)(。
3、基)(因)(治)(疗)(免)(疫)(治)(疗)(
2007年)(TimothyRayBrown在)(德)(国)(接)(受)(了)(针)(对)(白)(血)(病)(的)(治)(疗)(后)(其)(体)(内)(HIV病)(毒)(被)(消)(灭)(且)(停)(药)(后)(并)(未)(复)(发)(,主)(要)(原)(因)(是)(捐)(赠)(者)(的)(骨)(髓)(细)(胞)(具)(有)(CCR5基)(因)(突)(变)((驱)(动)(因)(子)(CCR5基)(因)(突)(变)(后)(,能)(阻)(断)(HIV病)(毒)(进)(入)(细)(胞)(的)(路)(径)()。布)(朗)(是)(第)(一)(位)(公)(认)(的)(已)(知)(被)(治)(愈)(的)(HIV感)(染)(者)((sterilizingcure),而)(之)(后)(他)(也)(有)(了)(另)(一)(个)(更)(为)(人)(所)(熟)(知)(的)(名)(字)(:柏)(林)(病)(人)(。
然)(而)(,在)(艾)(滋)(病)(防)(控)(的)(议)(题)(上)(,永)(远)(要)(坚)(持)(预)(防)(为)(主)(,而)(预)(防)(的)(唯)(一)(办)(法)(就)(是)(提)(高)(大)(众)(对)(于)(艾)(滋)(病)(的)(认)(知)(,只)(有)(每)(个)(人)(都)(对)(艾)(滋)(风)(险)(有)(明)(确)(的)(认)(知)(,才)(能)(让)(其)(采)(取)(足)(够)(的)(自)(我)(保)(护)(行)(为)(,这)(是)(任)(何)(行)(政)(干)(预)(都)(做)(不)(到)(的)(事)(情)(。
也)(就)(是)(,在)(艾)(滋)(的)(问)(题)(上)(,如)(果)(不)(统)(一)(思)(想)(,怎)(么)(防)(都)(防)(不)(住)(。
这)(就)(带)(来)(了)(一)(个)(矛)(盾)(的)(问)(题)(,要)(提)(高)(大)(众)(风)(险)(阈)(值)(,就)(必)(须)(力)(度)(的)(宣)(传)(推)(广)(,然)(而)(大)(规)(模)(的)(宣)(传)(推)(广)(会)(带)(来)(患)(者)(人)(群)(的)(歧)(视)(甚)(至)(患)(者)(畏)(惧)(治)(疗)(等)(情)(况)(,这)(是)(个)(两)(难)(的)(抉)(择)(,即)(不)(能)(引)(起)(恐)(慌)(,又)(要)(提)(高)(认)(知)(。
如)(果)(换)(个)(角)(度)(来)(思)(考)(这)(个)(矛)(盾)(,这)(就)(和)(艾)(滋)(病)(鸡)(尾)(酒)(疗)(法)(一)(样)(,多)(药)(物)(联)(用)(本)(质)(上)(就)(是)(药)(物)(的)(饱)(和)(攻)(击)(,多)(种)(药)(物)(联)(合)(强)(力)(压)(制)(病)(毒)(达)(到)(治)(疗)(效)(果)(,虽)(然)(有)(副)(作)(用)(,但)(是)(总)(体)(疗)(效)(还)(是)(正)(效)(益)(的)(。在)(艾)(滋)(病)(的)(宣)(传)(也)(一)(样)(,就)(应)(该)(饱)(和)(式)(的)(攻)(击)(,大)(规)(模)(的)(宣)(传)(铺)(开)(迅)(速)(提)(高)(并)(维)(持)(大)(众)(的)(对)(艾)(滋)(病)(的)(认)(知)(,即)(使)(可)(能)(有)(阵)(痛)(,但)(是)(长)(期)(受)(益)(是)(显)(着)(的)(。
综)(合)(来)(考)(虑)(,之)(前)(一)(度)(放)(松)(的)(政)(策)(可)(以)(再)(适)(度)(收)(紧)(,降)(低)(输)(入)(型)(风)(险)(。在)(新)(媒)(体)(的)(时)(代)(,用)(或)(行)(政)(、或)(市)(场)(的)(手)(段)(,在)(约)(炮)(、同)(性)(恋)(的)(集)(中)(的)(产)(品)(投)(放)(艾)(滋)(病)(防)(治)(的)(公)(益)(广)(告)(,提)(高)(高)(危)(人)(群)(的)(安)(全)(意)(识)(;强)(制)(性)(的)(在)(中)(小)(学)(生)(人)(群)(中)(推)(行)(艾)(滋)(病)(防)(治)(科)(普)(课)(程)(,都)(是)(新)(时)(代)(下)(更)(高)(效)(的)(手)(段)(。
艾)(滋)(病)(某)(种)(程)(度)(上)(也)(是)(一)(个)(道)(德)(楷)(模)(,因)(为)(,管)(不)(住)(下)(半)(身)(,就)(管)(不)(住)(下)(半)(生)(...
故)(事)(最)(后)(,温)(馨)(提)(示)(:
不)(治)(之)(症)(,或)(洁)(身)(自)(好)(,或)(持)(证)(约)(炮)(。
参)(考)(资)(料)(:
1)《我)(国)(艾)(滋)(病)(防)(治)(法)(律)(政)(策)(发)(展)(分)(析)(》,孟)(金)(梅)(,2016年)(
2)《“四)(免)(一)(关)(怀)(”政)(策)(实)(施)(十)(年)(来)(中)(国)(艾)(滋)(病)(疫)(情)(变)(化)(及)(特)(征)(分)(析)(》,郝)(阳)(等)(,2014年)(
3)《我)(国)(预)(防)(控)(制)(经)(性)(途)(径)(传)(播)(艾)(滋)(病)(的)(政)(策)(变)(迁)(及)(趋)(势)(分)(析)(》,徐)( 鹏)(等)(,2013年)(
4)《抗)(击)(艾)(滋)(病)(三)(十)(载)(:挫)(折)(、勇)(敢)(、坚)(韧)(与)(爱)(》系)(列)(,Jerry,医)(药)(魔)(方)(,2018年)(
5)《广)(证)(恒)(生)(:【艾)(滋)(病)(行)(业)(报)(告)(】创)(新)(引)(领)(,方)(兴)(未)(“艾)(”》,赵)(巧)(敏)(,2018年)(
6)《37年)(来)(,他)(一)(直)(是)(黑)(暗)(中)(的)(那)(束)(希)(望)(之)(光)(》,王)(中)(美)(,华)(商)(韬)(略)(,2018年)(
7)《2008年)(诺)(贝)(尔)(生)(理)(学)(或)(医)(学)(奖)(奖)(引)(起)(争)(议)(》,谢)(蜀)(生)(,2008年)(
1)《我)(国)(艾)(滋)(病)(防)(治)(法)(律)(政)(策)(发)(展)(分)(析)(》,孟)(金)(梅)(,2016年)(
2)《“四)(免)(一)(关)(怀)(”政)(策)(实)(施)(十)(年)(来)(中)(国)(艾)(滋)(病)(疫)(情)(变)(化)(及)(特)(征)(分)(析)(》,郝)(阳)(等)(,2014年)(
3)《我)(国)(预)(防)(控)(制)(经)(性)(途)(径)(传)(播)(艾)(滋)(病)(的)(政)(策)(变)(迁)(及)(趋)(势)(分)(析)(》,徐)( 鹏)(等)(,2013年)(
4)《抗)(击)(艾)(滋)(病)(三)(十)(载)(:挫)(折)(、勇)(敢)(、坚)(韧)(与)(爱)(》系)(列)(,Jerry,医)(药)(魔)(方)(,2018年)(
5)《广)(证)(恒)(生)(:【艾)(滋)(病)(行)(业)(报)(告)(】创)(新)(引)(领)(,方)(兴)(未)(“艾)(”》,赵)(巧)(敏)(,2018年)(
6)《37年)(来)(,他)(一)(直)(是)(黑)(暗)(中)(的)(那)(束)(希)(望)(之)(光)(》,王)(中)(美)(,华)(商)(韬)(略)(,2018年)(
7)《2008年)(诺)(贝)(尔)(生)(理)(学)(或)(医)(学)(奖)(奖)(引)(起)(争)(议)(》,谢)(蜀)(生)(,2008年)(返)(回)(搜)(狐)(,查)(看)(更)(多)(
责)(任)(编)(辑)(:
)


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